- Gynecological Endocrinology,
- Pediatric and Adolescence Gynecology
Genital disorders or defects generally require surgery. These are caused by abnormal levels of sex hormones, abnormal chromosomal, hereditary and environmental factors. These occur in both men and women. In men the main defects are: undescended testis, curved penis and abnormalities of the urethral opening. While in women they are perforated hymen and shortened or absent vagina.